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  • Writer's pictureMiracle Rehab Clinic

Physical Therapy Guide for Dizziness: A Comprehensive Guide

Have you ever felt very dizzy and shaky? We're all guilty of it sometimes. When we're dizzy, even small jobs can feel like they're on a tightrope. Getting dizzy isn't just something that happens when you get older. It's not normal, and you shouldn't ignore it. A common misconception is that dizziness always comes from problems in your inner ear.

While that may be true, dizziness can sneak up on you for various reasons, like taking certain medications or stress. The good news is that physical exercise can help you fight the wobbles.


This guide is all about making things easy. We will discuss why people get dizzy and, more importantly, how physical therapy can help you feel stable and in charge again. For those of you who are ready to stop feeling dizzy and get your balance back, let's start!

What Is Dizziness, and What Causes It?


Dizziness is a sensation many of us have experienced at some point, but knowing what it means can help give an insight into this common but confusing condition. Simply put, dizziness is a feeling of lightheadedness, unsteadiness, or a spinning sensation as if the world around you is moving.

It's like the ground beneath your feet is playing a trick on you, making you feel off-balance or woozy. Dizziness is not a disease in and of itself; it is a sign of a bigger issue. It might only be a short-term problem, like getting dizzy after standing up too quickly, or it could be a sign of a more serious health problem that must be considered.

People who experience frequent dizziness should not ignore it because it can greatly affect their daily activities and quality of life.


People often use words like "feeling faint," "dizzy spells," or "having the room spin" to describe how dizzy they feel. These descriptions can help doctors narrow down the possible reasons and ensure the right treatments are used.

A lot of people feel confused and annoyed when they are dizzy and wonder, "Why does this happen?" To solve the mystery of what makes people dizzy, we will look at some causes of dizziness.


●      Inner Ear Disturbances

Problems with the inner ear, like infections or infections like Meniere's disease, can mess up the brain's balance cues, making you feel dizzy.


●      Dehydration

Not drinking enough water can lower blood pressure and stop oxygen from getting to the brain, making you feel dizzy.


●      Low Blood Sugar

If your blood sugar drops, which can happen if you skip meals or have diabetes, you may feel dizzy.


●       Orthostatic Hypotension

This is a quick drop in blood pressure that can make you feel dizzy or lightheaded when you stand up


Other causes include:


●      Anxiety and stress:

●      Neurological Problems

●      Head Injury or Concussion.

●      Side Effects of Medicine


Understanding the wide range of things that can cause dizziness is the first step to managing it well and figuring out how to help specific people.

Diagnosis of Dizziness

Diagnosing the cause of dizziness can be difficult because symptoms can stem from various sources.

Doctors use a thorough method to identify the underlying issue, including medical history reviews, full physical exams, and specialized tests. The diagnostic process often involves:


●      Review of the patient's medical history: Getting information about the patient's general health, past episodes of dizziness, and any symptoms that go along with them can help you figure out what might be causing the problem.


●      Physical Examination: A focused test that checks blood pressure, heart rate, and brain function can help pinpoint signs of possible causes.


●      Holter Monitoring: Wearing a portable heart monitor called a Holter monitor can help detect any irregularities in your heart's activity.


●      Blood Tests: Checking your blood sugar, pH balance, and blood count can help find metabolic issues that make you feel dizzy.


●      Special tests like the Dix-Hallpike maneuver or electronystagmography (ENG) check how well your inner ear and balance system work. They help find problems like benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).


Collaboration between patients and healthcare workers is very important for diagnosis. This helps find the exact causes of dizziness more accurately. Once the reason is found, a personalized treatment plan can be implemented to address and improve the symptoms. This plan often includes physical therapy.


Can Physical Therapy Help Treat Dizziness?

People who struggle with dizziness often try to find different solutions, and physical therapy is often one of the best remedies. So, the answer is yes.

Physical therapy is an important part of treating dizziness because it helps with general balance and coordination and eliminates the problems that cause it.

Physical therapists often use specific exercises and movements to improve the vestibular system, which is responsible for keeping balance.


●      Physical therapists also work to make muscles stronger and more flexible, especially in the upper body and neck, which are linked to the balance system. Gaze stabilization routines and balance training may be part of personalized exercise plans to help the body adapt to new movements and environments.


●      Physical therapy sessions often include teaching about changes that can be made to one's living and ways to deal with triggers. Physical therapy helps people regain control of their movements and improve their general stability by treating the underlying causes of dizziness. This makes dizziness much less of a problem in their daily lives. Working with a physical therapist can help you find individualized ways to improve your balance, feel less dizzy, and live a better life.

Exercises and Techniques for Dizziness

There's more to dealing with dizziness than waiting for it to disappear. Sometimes, you need to do specific exercises and learn skills to improve your balance and ease your symptoms.

This guide will show you simple exercises and methods that physical therapists say will help you get stable again and stop feeling dizzy.


●      Single Leg Stance: Stand on one leg for a short time. As your balance gets better, slowly add more time.


●      Heel-toe Walk: Walk in a straight line with the heel of one foot right in front of the toes of the other. This will make you work on your balance.


●      Gaze Stabilization Exercises: To improve eye-head coordination, keep your eyes on a fixed object and move your head up and down or side to side.


●      Sit-to-Stand Exercises: Practice going from sitting to standing and back again to make your lower body stronger and more stable.


Techniques for Certain Situations


●      Canalith Repositioning Maneuvers: These are specific moves that can help people with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) who have inner ear crystals that have moved out of place get them back in place.


●      The Epley Maneuver is a set of head and body moves used to treat BPPV by moving crystals out of the ear canal.


●      Brandt-Daroff Exercises: These are exercises you can do at home that involve specific moves of the head and body to help you feel less dizzy, especially if you have BPPV.



How do I know if physical therapy is suitable for my dizziness?


Physical therapy may be beneficial if you experience frequent bouts of dizziness that interfere with your daily activities. Persistent or recurring dizziness could indicate an underlying issue that physical therapy may help address.

If your dizziness is a side effect of certain medications, physical therapy may complement your treatment plan. Therapists can work on strategies to manage symptoms and improve overall well-being.


Other signs include:

●      History of Falls

●      Impact on Daily Life

●      Diagnosis by a Healthcare Professional

●      Balance Issues


So, the answer to this question is yes.


How long does it take to see improvements with physical therapy for dizziness?


People who get physical therapy for dizziness see gains at different times, but most people see improvements in a few weeks to months. Consistently exercising and making prescribed changes help you make progress faster.

Nonetheless, the speed of improvement depends on things like the cause of the dizziness and the person's general health. Talking to the physical therapist regularly is important for making changes to the treatment plan and making sure that the patient gets the best results as quickly as possible.


Can physical therapy prevent dizziness from recurring?


Physical therapy gives people the tools to control and prevent future episodes by getting to the foundation of the issue, improving balance, and making them more stable overall. Therapists work to strengthen important muscles and give people ways to handle their daily lives better.

Following through on the exercises and changes in lifestyle that you learn in physical therapy classes greatly lowers the chance of getting dizzy again. Regular follow-ups with a physical therapist help monitor progress and finetune treatments, which supports the preventive part of physical therapy in dealing with and stopping dizziness that comes back.


Feeling dizzy can make even the smallest tasks feel like the end of the road, but it's important not to ignore it. Dizziness doesn't just happen to older people; it can happen to anyone for many reasons, such as problems with the inner ear or stress.

The exercises and techniques shared here are not just about managing dizziness; they're about regaining stability, reclaiming control, and enhancing your overall well-being. The good news is that physical therapy can help you get back in charge.

In physical therapy, you focus on simple routines and techniques that help you get rid of your wobbles and feel stable again. Check out Miracle Rehab Clinic and book an appointment today.

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